Type 2 Diabetes

Information About Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is when the body attacks and destroys good cells and tissues mistaking them as foreign intruders. With type 2 diabetes the insulin-producing beta-cells in the pancreas either do not make enough insulin, or, the person with type 2 is not sensitive to the insulin produced (insulin resistant). Over time, the pancreas may wear out and stop producing insulin altogether. If this happens, a person will be required to inject insulin each day to live.

Diabetes is a disease, not a syndrome (like insulin resistance syndrome) so to be diagnosed as diabetic a person must meet all of certain diagnostic criteria. A syndrome, such as in Metabolic Syndrome (sometimes referred to as Syndrome X), or another autoimmune disorder, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has multiple symptoms. To be diagnosed with a syndrome a person can have some (not all) of the symptoms associated with the particular disorder.

Included in the list of problems with PCOS are diabetes and insulin resistance, but PCOS itself is not diabetes. Two other common disorders that are often seen in diabetics are Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and celiac’s disease. Anyone diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should also consider being tested for these autoimmune disorders as well.